Skip to content ↓
Twydall Primary School

Twydall Primary School

Care, Courtesy, Commitment and
Consideration in our Community


The school uses the “Letters and Sounds” scheme to teach phonics in Nursery, Year R, Year1 and Year 2. 

(The sounds that are taught at each phase can be found at


The children develop their skills in phase one of letters and sounds, which involves seven aspects:

Aspect 1: General sound discrimination – environmental sounds

 Aspect 2: General sound discrimination – instrumental sounds

Aspect 3: General sound discrimination – body percussion

Aspect 4: Rhythm and rhyme

Aspect 5: Alliteration

Aspect 6: Voice sounds

Aspect 7: Oral blending and segmenting

These are taught through regular, planned opportunities to listen carefully and talk extensively about what they hear, see and do. Furthermore, children experience the above aspects through their day to day exploration of the nursery stations, which have been deliberately designed, initiated by the children's current interests and learning. 

Children who show a strong understanding and ability within phase 1 will be targeted to access small group phonic session that will introduce phase 2 letters and sounds.  Children who are learning at a phase 2 level will also begin to take home a reading book at the beginning stage (lilac) and will progress through the reading scheme as appropriate.

Year R, Year 1 and Year 2

All children from Year R to Year 2 receive daily 30 minute phonics lessons. The pupils begin Reception ready to start learning the sounds needed to blend and segment words and leave Reception ready to begin phase 5, which focuses on more complex and alternative sounds. At the end of Year 1 pupils take the National Phonics Screening Check to ensure they are confident applying their phonics skills and are ready to begin learning phase 6 which requires the teaching of suffixes, prefixes and spelling rules in Year 2.

Parents can help support their children's phonic development by encouraging children to use their phonics to sound out unfamiliar words.

Parents can also support their children to apply their phonics when writing, by encouraging children to slowly sound out words verbally, then writing down the sounds they can hear. is a great website which contains online games and activities to print to support your child’s phonics development.